Invasive species are a significant threat to Michigan’s native biodiversity and their impacts are wide-ranging. The larvae feed in tunnels in the wood of the tree branches and trunks, eventually killing the tree. Once invasive species become established, the … The banded wood snail or banded grove snail, Cepaea nemoralis, is an invasive species that has established populations in Gratiot, Ingham, Lapeer, Oakland and, perhaps, Wexford Counties in Michigan. Species included in this guide were drawn from regional and national lists of invasive plants, Michigan’s listing of prohibited and restricted species and suggestions by MNFI and DNRE field staff. The fruit capsules explode when ripe and touched. Through educational outreach, strategic planning and active management we are … The Hemlock Woolly Adelgid (HWA) is an invasive species that has devastated the hemlock forests in the southeast United States. These species either have never been confirmed in the wild in Michigan or have a limited known distribution. The leaves are thick, ridged, rounded at the end, light green, and have short, white hairs. The Northwest Michigan Invasive Species Network (ISN) works directly with partners in Benzie, Grand Traverse, Leelanau, and Manistee counties to "protect, enhance, and promote Northwest Michigan’s natural communities through terrestrial invasive plant management and outreach." The spotted lanternfly sucks sap from the stems and leaves of orchard trees, grape vines, oaks, pines and other host plants. If you think you have found any of these species in Michigan, please report the occurrence via the methods given below by clicking on an individual species name. The known extent of … Michigan.gov. The larvae feed in tunnels in the wood of the tree branches and trunks, eventually killing the tree. It can be found in shallow, slow-moving waters. There are steps you can take to help control the spread of invasive species. Invasive Phragmites 2. Japanese knotweed Learn about disposal of invasive species: 1. You can help protect our land and water resources. Asiatic Sand Sedge is a perennial sedge that grows to about a foot tall. The roots may or may not be attached to mud. General guidefrom State of Michigan 2. Be familiar with steps you can take to reduce the introduction and spread of invasive species when you are enjoying the outdoors. It has a triangular stem with brown scales at the base. (Egeria densa - synonyms: Elodea densa, Anacharis densa and Philotria densa). Thank you for your patience! Download an invasive fish and crustacean poster. Registration is now open for new sessions of the Michigan Invasive Species Program’s NotMISpecies webinar series, exploring efforts across the state to prevent and control harmful land and water invaders.. Another invasive species in Lake Michigan that's creating unusual impacts and causing irreversible damage is mussels. The bulbils or air tubers are present from June to September and resemble very small potatoes. We work with public and private organizations, tribes, states, and local landowners to address a wide range of aquatic and terrestrial invasive species. Go Beyond Beauty. Donate to ISN. Save Michigan Hemlocks. Interested in learning even more? Grass Carp have large scales that appear crosshatched and eyes that sit even with the mouth. It was first detected in West Michigan in 2016 and now threatens the hemlocks of our own lakeshore and northern forests. Red Swamp Crayfish have dark red color with bright red raised spots - they look like small lobsters. Silver Carp have a light silver body with a white belly and eyes that sit below the downturned, toothless mouth. The European Water Clover resembles a large four leaf clover, with thin green stalks bearing a single leaf. Species like poison ivy or Virginia creeper may not be our favorites, but they are native to Michigan, and play an important part in our environment! Terrestrial habitats are simply habitats that are primarily focused on land. They have a tan color with dark brown mottling, an extended anal fin, a pelvic fin up near the gills and pectoral fins. They have thick, rat-like tails covered with bristly hairs. It has bright green upper stems that emerge up to one foot above water and small inconspicuous white flowers where leaves attach to the section of stem above water. They can grow to 6 feet long and weigh up to 150 lbs. When invasives take hold, they change native ecosystems. This plant looks similar to an aloe plant, spider plant, or top of a pineapple. An invasive species is one that is not native and whose introduction causes harm, or is likely to cause harm to Michigan’s economy, environment, or human health. Learn how to minimize risk of transferring invasives species while in the field by providing basic decontamination steps as well as information specific to equipment used by state agency staff. They have very slender stems that grow up to 30 feet long and branch out considerably near water surface. The State of Michigan has lists of invasive plants that are already established in Michigan or are on the watch list for being introduced and spreading in Michigan. Michigan Invasive Species - Giant African Snail. CISMAs offer a range of services for preventing, identifying, reporting and managing invasive species. For anyone who works, plays or volunteers in lakes, rivers or wetlands. Yellow Floating Heart has bright yellow flowers with 5 petals located above the surface of the water. Streaked or marbled coloration pattern is most visible on the back, or carapace. long), pale green and lance-shaped with a distinctive, shiny mid-rib, slightly off-center. Invasive species on the watch list have been identified as posing an immediate or potential threat to Michigan's economy, environment or human health. Chinese Yam has slender vines that spiral counterclockwise and pointed, heart-shaped leaves that are often indented on the sides. Japanese chaff flower is a perennial plant that grows 3-6 feet high with a green, bottle brush-like flower that has no petals. Michigan's natural areas are under threat from invasive species. From forests to prairies there are many different types of terrestrial habitats. Repeated attacks weaken trees, cause twig gouting, kill branches and, over the course of several years, cause trees to die. They can reach lengths of more than 5 feet and weigh more than 80 lbs. Trees will develop weeping wounds that attract other insects and excreted fluids from spotted lanternflies can cause mold growth on plants. Terrestrial (land-dwelling) Invasive Invertebrates are animals that lack a vertebral column (backbone). Spread the Word. This plant can be found free-floating or rooted in shallow water. Invasive Species Decontamination for Field Operations in Michigan An internal policy document with with widespread applications for preventing the spread of invasive species. The Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (MDARD) is asking freight carriers, warehouse workers and delivery drivers to be on the lookout for invasive spotted lanternfly after the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) confirmed dead spotted lanternfly insects were found in Michigan in recent weeks. Download an aquatic invasive plant poster. They may exceed three feet in length and can weigh up to 60 lbs. "So, like the zebra and quagga mussels came here in … Many non-native species in Michigan, including fruits, vegetables, field crops, livestock and domestic animals, are important to our economy and lifestyle. The disease affects black walnut trees, a valuable economic and ecological resource in Michigan. Black carp inhabit large rivers and lakes but require large rivers for reproduction. New Zealand Mudsnails are an average of 1/8 inch long with 5-6 whorls on their shell. Feeding can weaken the plant and eventually contribute to its death. An invasive species is one that is not native and whose introduction causes harm, or is likely to cause harm to Michigan's economy, environment, or human health. Kudzu is a vine that extends 32-100 feet, with up to 30 vines per plant. A native of Europe this snail has been established in the Eastern United States for many years. The Asian longhorned beetle can attack and kill many tree species including poplar, willow, sycamore, and horse chestnut, but its favorite host are maple trees. Parrot feather has spikes of stiff, feathery leaves that grow in whorls of 4-6. These tiny insects secrete white wax as they feed on sap from hemlock shoots and branches. Brazilian elodea is a bushy aquatic plant with dense whorls of bright green leaves. Whether you are boating, fishing camping, hunting, enjoying the trails or working on your land, garden, pond or aquarium, there are steps you can take to prevent the spread. A medium-sized (4 to 5 inch) crayfish with slender or narrow claws. Many feathery roots dangle under the rosette. European frog-bit has kidney-shaped to heart-shaped leaves and a single white flower with three round petals and a yellow center. Hemlock woolly adelgid (HWA) feeding can kill needles, shoots and branches, resulting in tree death. Michigan’s Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Act (Act 451 of 1994) Part 413 has been amended with changes for boaters and anglers that are in effect as of March 21, 2019. Invasive Species Laws. Invasive species are plants, animals, and other organisms that are not traditionally found in a given location (in this case the Great Lakes) and are having a negative impact of some kind, whether ecological, economic, social, and a public health threat. They can tolerate a wide variety of habitats including reservoirs, estuaries, rivers, and lakes. Midwest Invasive Species Information Network (MISIN) for reporting infestations and training in identification. Insects are the most common invasive terrestrial invertebrate, but it also includes other arthropods, molluscs (such as snails and slugs), and nematodes (roundworms). Its leaves are 40cm long, bright green, sword-shaped, have sharply serrated edges, and form a large rosette. Disposal through Waste Management Swallow-wort 3. An invasive species is an organism that is not indigenous, or native, to a particular area. Citations: Govorushko, S.M. You can also check in with your local Cooperative Invasive Species Management Area (CISMA), which are groups that have come together to tackle invasive species in their regions. They can grow to 5 feet long and weigh up to 90 lbs. Northern Snakeheads can reach up to 33 inches in length. It produces small, white to pale green flowers. Download a homeowner’s guide to small-scale management of: 1. News and Updates. Pests & Diseases - Giant African Land Snail. Leaves are circular or heart shaped and are alternately arranged on the stem but oppositely on the flower stalk. They have a long, straight, narrow snout in comparison to domestic pigs. The alternate leaves are short (3-8 cm. POSITION SUMMARY The Invasive Species Survey Technician organizes and facilitates surveys of public and private property to monitor the presence and absence of the invasive insect, hemlock woolly adelgid (“HWA”; Adelges tsugae) throughout southwest Michigan. Invasive plants, animals and pests are taking a toll on Wisconsin's lakes, rivers and landscapes. It has small, white or greenish-yellow flowers that smell like cinnamon. They feed heavily on snails, fish, amphibians, and plants. They have a straight tail with a tuft at the end. There are small ridges along the the edge of the leaves, making it feel serrated. Download an invasive fish and crustacean poster. Scales are blackish-brown darkening to bluish-gray at the edges, with an almost white belly. Know the laws, understand what measures you can take to remove invasives and when you need a permit to do so, and find opportunities to volunteer. The changes are intended to strengthen protection for Michigan waterways against the introduction and spread of aquatic invasive species. This training focuses on decontaminating field equipment and vehicles to reduce the risk of spreading aquatic invasive species. ... Part 413 of NREPA (Section 324.41301) defines prohibited and restricted species in Michigan and limits the possession, import or sale of such species. Bighead Carp have a large head with a toothless mouth and eyes that sit below the mouth. "Dwarf parrot feather" and "dwarf red parrot feather" are common names for a dwarf selection sold in trade. Japanese stiltgrass is a delicate, low-growing grass with stems that sprawl over one another and roots from the nodes. Natural Processes and Human Impacts: Interactions between Humanity and the In Michigan, aquatic and terrestrial (land-dwelling) invasive plant species are responsible for tremendous ecological and economic damage across the state. These fish primarily inhabit large rivers. The Forest Service is a recognized leader in invasive species ecology, management, and research in the United States and internationally. Many non-native species in Michigan, including fruits, vegetables, field crops, livestock and domestic … It grows rapidly, spreads quickly, and outcompetes all native plants. Not the Problem. Plant Industry. They are aggressive competitors, often dominating an ecosystem and reducing native diversity dramatically. Invasive terrestrial species include plants, Invasive species are difficult, sometimes even impossible to eradicate. Mile-a-minute weed has light green leaves shaped like an equilateral triangle and small white flowers. Local Concern: Since the first discovery in Michigan in 2002, this invasive beetle has killed tens of millions of ash trees in Michigan, both in forests … Himalayan Balsam grows 3-6 feet tall and has purple/red stems that are smooth and hollow. Thousand Cankers Disease involves an insect native to the southwestern U.S. Bighead carp are able to establish populations in water bodies with a wide range of temperatures. Watch List - Prohibited in Michigan The Asian longhorned beetle can attack and kill many tree species including poplar, willow, sycamore, and horse chestnut, but its favorite host are maple trees. The piglets are lighter in color and often have stripes. Invasive Species - (Sus scrofa) Prohibited in Michigan Feral Swine most often are brown or black and appear hairy. They can live in a variety of permanent freshwater habitats. Water Hyacinth is a free-floating perennial herb with short, bulbous leaf petioles and has round, leathery leaves arranged in whorls of 6-10. The shells vary from light brown to black. It has alternate, compound leaves with three broad leaflets and in late summer produces purple individual flowers that grow in upright clusters. There are 5-10 flowers on each stem and the flowers have 5 petals that are purple, pink, or white in color. Balsam woolly adelgid is a sap-feeding insect that attacks true fir trees, including balsam fir and Fraser fir. (Pityophthorus juglandis + Geosmithia morbida). Typical infestation areas include stream banks, open space, roadsides, forest edges, and fence lines. In the wild, most range in color from olive to brown, but in captivity, colors can include tan, red or blue. Mature Phragmites stand in Michigan Phragmites (pictured below) is an invasive reed found across the state. The DNR is working with citizens and partners to slow the spread of invasive species. The leaves are often taller than the club-shaped flowering heads. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. They have sharp teeth like a pike or pickerel. Water soldier is a submerged aquatic plant that becomes buoyant during the summer. It has distinctive air bladders that keep the leaves afloat. Susannah Iott, a specialist on invasive species at the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, said the weed first got to the United … Leaves are opposite and simple with smooth edges and a pointed tip. Events & Volunteer. Terrestrial (land-dwelling) Invasive Species are non-native plants, animals and other organisms that evolved to live on the land rather than in aquatic (water) habitats. These include species like zebra mussels and Asian carp, as well as lesser known species such as the fungus that causes oak wilt. Water Chestnut has green floating leaves with sharply serrated edges that form a densely crowded rosette. It pest status is still open to some debate. They produce a deep blue colored fruit arranged in clusters. We are currently in the process of updating our website and apologize for any inconsistencies. Invasive species are species that are not native to Michigan and cause harm to Michigan’s economy, environment, or human health. View the watch list as a printable PDF. They prefer quiet, shallow waters. They produce small, white 4-petaled flowers and a woody nut surrounded by sharp barbed spines. Most are obligate wetland or aquatic species but several upland species were included as they appear to be spreading in wetlands. (Myriophyllum aquaticum - synonyms: Myriophyllum brasiliensis, Myriophyllum brasiliense, Myriophyllum proserpinacoides and Enydria aquatica). Download an aquatic invasive plant poster. Links to relevant laws, websites, and publications. Invasive Species Decontamination for Field Operations in Michigan, Michigan Citizens' Guide to Invasive Plant Disposal - pdf, Michigan Citizens' Guide to Invasive Plant Disposal - accessible, Michigan Landowner's Guide to Aquatic Invasive Species Management, Management and Control of Invasive Phragmites, Integrated Pest Management for Nuisance Exotics in Michigan Inland Lakes. It prefers forested floodplains but will grow almost anywhere from deep shade to full sun. “The Michigan Invasive Species Grant Program is a critical tool in addressing these threats – both on the local level with Cooperative Invasive Species Management Areas and on a … Hydrilla is a submerged aquatic plant with generally green leaves whorled in a group of 4-8. An invasive species is one that is not native and whose introduction causes harm, or is likely to cause harm to Michigan’s economy, environment and human health. They are commonly found in rural areas but are adapting to suburban areas. Invasive species can cause great economic and environmental harm to the new area. Nutria are approximately two feet long with yellow or orange colored front teeth. Water Lettuce is a free-floating plant with a rosette of leaves that resembles an open head of lettuce. Its habitat includes slow moving rivers, sheltered inlets, ponds, and ditches. It can be found in ponds, lakes, and sluggish rivers and streams. Spawning generally occurs following a flood event in large, turbulent rivers. Black Carp have a pointed head that is flattened at the front. Michigan Department of Natural Resources - Invasive Species - Features detailed species profiles, answers to frequently asked questions about invasive species and their management, and descriptions of DNR’s efforts to prevent and manage invasive species in Michigan. Northwest Michigan Invasive Species Network (ISN) A Cooperative Invasive Species Management Area (CISMA) Identify Invasive Species. Dispose of bait on land or in the trash to stop the spread of invasive species and fish disease. Subscribe to the PlayCleanGo Protector to get clear information every month on invasive species, ways they spread, hands-on tips to use when you head outdoors, and inspiring stories of how outdoor enthusiasts are making a difference. However, it will take many individuals contributing to this grand effort. An internal policy document with with widespread applications for preventing the spread of invasive species. National Invasive Species Week 2016 is Feb. 21-27. While hemlock woolly adelgid is already in Michigan and creeping north, statewide land and invasive species managers are hopeful that this slower-moving tree pest can be stopped in its tracks.